2 edition of Spontaneous activity and cocaine-induced effects in mice lacking either dopamine D1 or D3, or both receptors. found in the catalog.
Spontaneous activity and cocaine-induced effects in mice lacking either dopamine D1 or D3, or both receptors.
Joanna Monika Karasinska
Written in English
Co-localization of dopamine D1 and D3 receptors in single neurons in striatal regions including the nucleus accumbens suggests that these receptors may interact at a cellular level in mediating dopaminergic functions, including psychostimulant-induced behaviour. To study interactions of D1 and D3 receptors in these functions, cocaine-induced locomotion, sensitization, reward and neurochemical responses were analyzed in mice lacking either D1 or D3, or both receptors. Spontaneous locomotor activity was increased in D1-/- and D1-/-D3-/- mice and D1-/-D3-/- mice failed to exhibit habituation of spontaneous rearing activity. Cocaine increased locomotor activity in wild-type and D3-/- mice, but not in D1-/- mice and reduced activity in D1-/-D3-/- mice. Cocaine-induced locomotor sensitization and conditioned hyperactivity were observed in D1 -/- and D3-/- mice but not D1-/-D3 -/- mice. In the conditioned place preference, all groups exhibited reward at the 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg doses. However, D1-/-D3 -/- mice did not exhibit place preference for 2.5 mg/kg of cocaine although preference was observed in wild-type, D1-/-and D3 -/- mice. D1-/- mice exhibited increased basal striatal levels of the phosphorylated transcription factor cAMP-responsive element binding protein (pCREB). After acute cocaine pCREB levels were increased in the caudate-putamen of wild-type and D3-/- mice and decreased in D1-/- and D1-/-D3-/- mice. Following repeated administration of 2.5 mg/kg of cocaine, D1-/- mice demonstrated lower pCREB levels in caudate-putamen and nucleus accumbens. Cocaine-sensitized D1-/- and D3-/- mice, but not wild-type or D1-/-D3-/- mice, had higher pCREB levels in caudate-putamen than saline-treated mice. In cocaine-sensitized mice, levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were increased in caudate-putamen of D3-/- and nucleus accumbens of D1 -/-D3-/- mice. Overall, these findings suggest that although spontaneous and cocaine-induced horizontal activity depended mainly on the presence of D1 and not D3 receptor, there was cross-talk between both receptors in the habituation of vertical activity, development of cocaine sensitization and the perception of cocaine reward at low doses of the drug. Furthermore, alterations in pCREB levels were associated with changes in spontaneous and cocaine-induced locomotor activity but not reward. Differences in cocaine locomotor sensitization response were not accompanied by changes in BDNF levels in the regions studied.
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